Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758

AphiaID: 127187

Código Natura 2000: 5830

Truta-marisca

Animalia (Reino) > Chordata (Filo) > Vertebrata (Subfilo) > Gnathostomata (Superclasse) > Pisces (Superclasse-2) > Actinopterygii (Classe) > Salmoniformes (Ordem) > Salmonidae (Familia)

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Características identificativas

  • Barbatana adiposa com ponta amarela;
  • Extremidade do maxilar superior ultrapassar o nível do bordo posterior do olho;
  • Apresenta numerosas e pequenas malhas escuras abaixo da linha lateral.

Facilmente confundível com:

Estatuto de Conservação

Exploração comercial

Tamanho mínimo de captura – 300 mm.

Sinónimos

Fario argenteus Valenciennes, 1848
Salar ausonii Valenciennes, 1848
Salar ausonii parcepunctata Heckel & Kner, 1858
Salar ausonii semipunctata Heckel & Kner, 1858
Salar ausonii var. parcepunctata Heckel & Kner, 1858
Salar ausonii var. semipunctata Heckel & Kner, 1858
Salar bailloni Valenciennes, 1848
Salar gaimardi Valenciennes, 1848
Salar spectabilis Valenciennes, 1848
Salmo albus Walbaum, 1792
Salmo albus Bonnaterre, 1788
Salmo brachypoma Günther, 1866
Salmo caecifer Parnell, 1838
Salmo cambricus Donovan, 1806
Salmo cornubiensis Walbaum, 1792
Salmo cumberland Lacepède, 1803
Salmo estuarius Knox, 1855
Salmo fario loensis Walbaum, 1792
Salmo fario major Walecki, 1863
Salmo fario var. forestensis Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Salmo faris forestensis Bloch, 1801
Salmo gadoides Lacepède, 1803
Salmo gallivensis Günther, 1866
Salmo illanca Wartmann, 1783
Salmo islayensis Thomson, 1873
Salmo lacustris Linnaeus, 1758
Salmo lacustris rhenana Fatio, 1890
Salmo lacustris romanovi Kawraisky, 1896
Salmo lacustris septentrionalis Fatio, 1890
Salmo lemanus Cuvier, 1829
Salmo levenensis Yarrell, 1839
Salmo mistops Günther, 1866
Salmo montana Walker, 1812
Salmo orcadensis Günther, 1866
Salmo orientalis McClelland, 1842
Salmo oxianus Kessler, 1874
Salmo phinoc Shaw, 1804
Salmo polyosteus Günther, 1866
Salmo rappii Günther, 1866
Salmo saxatilis Schrank, 1798
Salmo spurius Pallas, 1814
Salmo stroemii Gmelin, 1789
Salmo sylvaticus Gmelin, 1789
Salmo taurinus Walker, 1812
Salmo trutta aralensis Berg, 1908
Salmo trutta ciscaucasicus Dorofeyeva, 1967
Salmo truttula Nilsson, 1832
Salmo venernensis Günther, 1866
Trutta marina Moreau, 1881
Trutta salmanata Strøm, 1784
Trutta variabilis Lunel, 1874

Informação Adicional

EUNIS

Referências Internacionais

Manual Prático De Identificação de Peixes Ósseos da Costa Continental Portuguesa – IPMA (2015)

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542 [details]

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]

basis of record MASDEA (1997). [details]

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. [details]

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (10/2018)., available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 [details]

additional source Scott, W.B.; Scott, M.G. (1988). Atlantic fishes of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. No. 219. 731 pp. [details]

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]

context source (Schelde) Breine, J.; Stevens, M.; Simoens, I.; Van den Bergh, E. (2008). A reference list of fish species for a heavily modified estuary and its tributaries: the River Schelde. Rapport van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek, R.2008.4. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek: Groenendaal. 26 pp. [details]

Última atualização: 17 Mar. 2019
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