Physalia physalis (Linnaeus, 1758)

AphiaID: 135479

Portuguese man o’ war

Animalia (Kingdom) > Cnidaria (Phylum) > Hydrozoa (Class) > Hydroidolina (Subclass) > Siphonophorae (Order) > Cystonectae (Suborder) > Physaliidae (Family)

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Conservation Status

Conservation status and major threats

Synonyms

Água-viva;

Alforreca;

Medusa
Arethusa caravella Oken, 1815
Holothuria velificans Osbeck, 1765
Medusa utriculus Gmelin, 1788
Physalia australis Péron, 1807
Physalia gigantea Bory de St Vincent, 1894
Physalia glauca Tilesius, 1810
Physalia megalista Lesueur & Petit
Physalia pelagica Lamarck, 1801
Physalia pelasgica Bosc, 1802
Physalia utriculus (Gmelin, 1788)
Physalis afer Tilesius, 1810
Physalis arethusa Tilesius, 1810
Physalis cornuta Tilesius, 1810
Physalis elongata Lamarck, 1816
Physalis glauca Tilesius, 1810
Physalis lamartinieri Tilesius, 1810
Physalis megalista Lamarck, 1816
Physalis osbeckii Tilesius, 1810
Physalis pelagica Tilesius, 1810
Physalis pelagica Lamarck, 1816
Physalis tuberculosa Lamarck, 1816
Physsophora physalis Modeer, 1789

Additional information

Find out more about Physalia physalis > World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) ~ Marine Life Information Network (MarLIN) ~ Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) ~ Wikipédia

International References

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542 [details]

additional source Calder, D. 2003 MS. Checklist of Hydroids, hydromedusae and siphonophores reported from the Bay of Fundy. [details]

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68: p. [details]

additional source Pollock, L.W. (1998). A practical guide to the marine animals of northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey & London. 367 pp., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=i1AmT31cuR4C [details]

additional source Pugh, P. R. & Gasca, R. (2009). Siphonophorae (Cnidaria) of the Gulf of Mexico. Pp. 395–402. In: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. [details]

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 59-101., available online at http://si-pddr.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]

redescription Totton, A. K. (1960). Studies on Physalia physalis (L.). Part 1. Natural History and morphology. Discovery Reports. 30: 301-368. [details]

context source (RAS) Australian Antarctic Data Centre. , available online at https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/biodiversity/ [details]

additional source Pollock, L.W. (1998). A practical guide to the marine animals of northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey & London. 367 pp., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=i1AmT31cuR4C [details]

additional source Pugh, P. R. & Gasca, R. (2009). Siphonophorae (Cnidaria) of the Gulf of Mexico. Pp. 395–402. In: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]

additional source Pollock, L.W. (1998). A practical guide to the marine animals of northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey & London. 367 pp., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=i1AmT31cuR4C [details]

additional source Pugh, P. R. & Gasca, R. (2009). Siphonophorae (Cnidaria) of the Gulf of Mexico. Pp. 395–402. In: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]

additional source Calder, D. (2003). Checklist of Hydroids, hydromedusae and siphonophores reported from the Bay of Fundy. [details]

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542 [details]

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. [details]

Last update: 14 Nov. 2017
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