Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)

AphiaID: 132362

sponge

Animalia (Kingdom) > Porifera (Phylum) > Demospongiae (Class) > Keratosa (Subclass) > Dictyoceratida (Order) > Irciniidae (Family)

Synonyms

Euricinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
Hircinia (Euricinia) variabilis Schmidt, 1862
Hircinia (Euricinia) variabilis var. flavescens Schmidt, 1862
Hircinia (Euricinia) variabilis var. galea Lendenfeld, 1889
Hircinia (Euricinia) variabilis var. hirsuta (Schmidt, 1862)
Hircinia (Euricinia) variabilis var. lingua Schmidt, 1868
Hircinia (Euricinia) variabilis var. mammillaris Schmidt, 1868
Hircinia (Euricinia) variabilis var. typica Nardo, 1847
Hircinia flavescens Schmidt, 1862
Hircinia hebes Schmidt, 1862
Hircinia hirsuta Schmidt, 1862
Hircinia lingua Schmidt, 1868
Hircinia mamillaris Schmidt, 1868
Hircinia panicea Schmidt, 1862
Hircinia typica Nardo, 1847
Hircinia variabilis Schmidt, 1862
Hircinia variabilis var. fistulata Szymanski, 1904
Hircinia variabilis var. galea Lendenfeld, 1889
Hircinia variabilis var. hirsuta Schmidt, 1862
Hircinia variabilis var. mammillaris Schmidt, 1868
Hircinia variabilis var. typica Nardo, 1847
Ircinia fasciculata sensu Vacelet, 1959
Ircinia fasciculata var. variabilis (Schmidt, 1862)
Ircinia flavescens (Schmidt, 1862)
Ircinia hebes (Schmidt, 1862)
Ircinia hirsuta (Schmidt, 1862)
Ircinia hospitum Nardo, 1833
Ircinia lingua (Schmidt, 1868)
Ircinia panicea (Schmidt, 1862)
Ircinia rigida Nardo, 1833
Ircinia spongiastrum Nardo, 1833
Ircinia tenax Nardo, 1833
Ircinia typica (Nardo, 1847)
Ircinia variabilis var. typica Nardo, 1847
Spongia cavernosa sensu Nardo, 1833
Spongia licheniformis var. gamma Lamarck, 1814

International References

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 85-103. [details]

additional source Pansini, M. (1987). Littoral demosponges from the banks of the Strait of Sicily and the Alboran Sea. In: Vacelet J, Boury-Esnault N (eds) Taxonomy of Porifera from the N.E. Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series G, Ecological Sciences Springer, Heidelberg. 13, 149-185. [details]

additional source Pulitzer-Finali, G.; Pronzato, R. (1981 [1980]). The Keratosa in a collection of Mediterranean sponges mainly from the Italian coasts. Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale Giacomo Doria. 83: 127-158. [details]

additional source Corriero, G. (1989). The sponge fauna from the Stagnone di Marsala (Sicily): taxonomic and ecological observations. Bolletino Museo Istituto Biologia Università Genova. 53: 101-113. [details]

basis of record Pronzato, R.; Malva, R.; Manconi, R. (2004). The taxonomic status of Ircinia fasciculata, Ircinia felix, and Ircinia variabilis (Dictyoceratida, Irciinidae). In: Pansini M, Pronzato R, Bavestrello G, Manconi R, Sarà M (eds) Sponge Science in the New Millenium. Papers contributed to the VI International Sponge Conference Rapallo (Italy) 29 September – 5 October 2002. Bollettino dei Musei e degli Istituti Biologici della Univertità di Genova. 68: 553-563. [details]

additional source Rützler, K.; van Soest, R. W. M.; Piantoni, C. (2009). Sponges (Porifera) of the Gulf of Mexico. in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A & M Press, College Station, Texas. 285–313. [details]

additional source Aloui-Bejaoui, N.; Afli, A. (2012). Functional diversity of the macro-invertebrate community in the port area of Kerkennah Islands (Tunisia). Mediteranean Marine Science. 13 (1): 93-102. [details]

additional source Labate, M. (1964). Poriferi di grotta superficiale del litorale adriatico pugliese. Annali del Pontificio Istituto Scienze e Lettere S. Chiara, Napoli. 14, 319-342. [details]

additional source Voultsiadou-Koukoura, E.; Koukouras, A. (1993). Contribution to the knowledge of Keratose sponges (Dictyoceratida, Dendroceratida, Verongida: Demospongiae, Porifera) of the Aegean Sea. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin. 69, 57-72. [details]

additional source Kefalas, E.; Castritsi-Catharios, I; Miliou, H. (2003). The impacts of scallop dredging on sponge assemblages in the Gulf of kalloni (Aegean Sea, northeastern Mediterranean). ICES Journal of Marine Science. 60, 402-10. [details]

additional source Evcen, A.; Çinar, M.E. (2012). Sponge (Porifera) species from the Mediterranean coast of Turkey (Levantine Sea, eastern Mediterranean), with a checklist of sponges from the coasts of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology,. 36, 460-464. [details]

additional source Pansini, M.; Morri, C.; Bianchi, C.N. (2000). The sponge community of a subtidal area with hydrothermal vents: Milos island, Aegean Sea. Estuarine Coastal Shelf Science. 51, 627-635. [details]

additional source Corriero, G.; Abbiati, M.; Santangelo, G. (1997). Sponges inhabiting a Mediteranean red coral population. Marine Ecology. 18 (2), 147-155. [details]

additional source Corriero, G.; Scalera-Liaci, L.; Gristina, M.; Riggio, S.; Mercurio, M. (1997). Composizione tassonomica e distribuzione della fauna e Poriferi e Briozoi in una grotta semisommersa della riserva naturale marina “Isola di Ustica”. Biologia Marina Mediterranea. 4 (1), 34-43. [details]

additional source Corriero, G.; Pansini, M.; Sarà, M. (1984). Sui Poriferi della insenatura della Strea a Porto Cesareo (Lecce). Thalassia Salentina. 14, 1-10. [details]

additional source Gerovasileiou, V.; Voultsiadou, E. (2016). Sponge diversity gradients in marine caves of the eastern Mediterranean. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 96(2), 407–416., available online at https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315415000697 [details]

additional source Evcen, A.; Çinar, M. E.; Zengin, M.; Süer, S.; Rüzgar, M. (2016). New records of five sponge species (Porifera) for the Black Sea. Zootaxa. 4103(3): 267., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4103.3.5 [details]

additional source Idan T., Shefer S., Feldstein T., Yahel R., Huchon D. and Ilan M. (2018). Shedding light on an East-Mediterranean mesophotic sponge ground community and the regional sponge fauna. Mediterranean marine science. 19(1), 84-106., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.13853 [details]

additional source Costa, G.; Giussani, V.; Kletou, D.; Kleitou, P.; Pansini, M.; Setti, A.; Pronzato, R.; Bertolino, M. (2018). A first preliminary study of the shallow water sponge fauna from Cyprus Island (Eastern Mediterranean). Zootaxa. 4450(5): 594., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4450.5.7 [details]

additional source Costa, G.; Betti, F.; Nepote, E.; Cattaneo-Vietti, R.; Pansini, M.; Bavestrello, G.; Bertolino, M. (2018). Sponge community variations within two semi-submerged caves of the Ligurian Sea (Mediterranean Sea) over a half-century time span. The European Zoological Journal. 85 (1): 382-392., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/24750263.2018.1525439 [details]

additional source Longo, C.; Cardone, F.; Pierri, C.; Mercurio, M.; Mucciolo, S.; Marzano, C.N.; Corriero, G. (2018). Sponges associated with coralligenous formations along the Apulian coasts. Marine Biodiversity. 48(4): 2151-2163., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-017-0744-x [details]

additional source Gerovasileiou, V.; Voultsiadou, E. (2016). Sponge diversity gradients in marine caves of the eastern Mediterranean. In: Schönberg C.H.L., Fromont J., Hooper J.N.A., Sorokin S., Zhang W. & de Voogd N (eds) New Frontiers in Sponge Science. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 96: 407-416., available online at https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315415000697 [details]

Last update: 15 May. 2020
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