Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758)

AphiaID: 124249

Black Sea urchin

Animalia (Kingdom) > Echinodermata (Phylum) > Echinozoa (Subphylum) > Echinoidea (Class) > Euechinoidea (Subclass) > Carinacea (Infraclass) > Echinacea (Super order) > Arbacioida (Order) > Arbaciidae (Family)

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Conservation Status

Conservation status and major threats

Synonyms

Arbacia aequituberculata (Blainville, 1825)
Arbacia australis Lovén, 1887
Arbacia grandinosa (Valenciennes, 1846)
Arbacia pustulosa (Leske, 1778)
Cidaris pustulosa Leske, 1778
Echinocidaris (Agarites) loculatua (Blainville, 1825)
Echinocidaris (Tetrapygus) aequituberculatus (Blainville, 1825)
Echinocidaris (Tetrapygus) grandinosa (Valenciennes, 1846)
Echinocidaris (Tetrapygus) pustulosa (Leske, 1778)
Echinocidaris aequituberculata (Blainville, 1825)
Echinocidaris grandinosa (Valenciennes, 1846)
Echinocidaris loculatua (Blainville, 1825)
Echinocidaris pustulosa (Leske, 1778)
Echinus aequituberculatus Blainville, 1825
Echinus equituberculatus Blainville, 1825
Echinus grandinosus Valenciennes, 1846
Echinus lixula Linnaeus, 1758
Echinus loculatus Blainville, 1825
Echinus neapolitanus Delle Chiaje, 1825
Echinus pustulosus (Leske, 1778)

International References

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. [details]

basis of record Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. [details]

additional source Mortensen, T. (1935). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. II. Bothriocidaroida, Melonechinoida, Lepidocentroida, and Stirodonta, 647 pp., C. A. Reitzel & Oxford University Press, Copenhagen & London. [details]

additional source Lessios, H. A., Lockhart, S., Collin, R., Sotil, G., Sanchez-Jerez, P., Zigler, K. S., Perez, A. F., Garrido, M. J., Geyer, L. B., Bernardi, G., Vaquier, V. D., Haroun, R. & Kessing, B. D. 2012. Phylogeography and bindin evolution in Arbacia, a sea urchin genus with an unusual distribution. Molecular Ecology 21, 130-144., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294x.2011.05303.x [details]

additional source Mortensen, T. (1935). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. II. Bothriocidaroida, Melonechinoida, Lepidocentroida, and Stirodonta, 647 pp., C. A. Reitzel & Oxford University Press, Copenhagen & London. [details]

additional source Lessios, H. A., Lockhart, S., Collin, R., Sotil, G., Sanchez-Jerez, P., Zigler, K. S., Perez, A. F., Garrido, M. J., Geyer, L. B., Bernardi, G., Vaquier, V. D., Haroun, R. & Kessing, B. D. 2012. Phylogeography and bindin evolution in Arbacia, a sea urchin genus with an unusual distribution. Molecular Ecology 21, 130-144., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294x.2011.05303.x [details]

Last update: 13 Nov. 2017
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