Fucus spiralis Linnaeus, 1753

AphiaID: 145547

spiral wrack

Chromista (Kingdom) > Harosa (Sub kingdom) > Heterokonta (Infrareino) > Ochrophyta (Phylum) > Phaeista (Subphylum) > Limnista (Infrafilo) > Fucistia (Superclass) > Phaeophyceae (Class) > Fucophycidae (Subclass) > Fucales (Order) > Fucaceae (Family)

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OMARE records: 196
OBIS records: 0

Conservation Status

Synonyms

Fucus areschougii Kjellman, 1890
Fucus areschougii f. nanus Kjellman, 1890
Fucus areschougii var. borealis (Kjellman) Kjellman, 1890
Fucus platycarpus f. spiralis (Linnaeus) Thuret, 1878
Fucus platycarpus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) Rosenvinge, 1897
Fucus sherardii f. spiralis (Linnaeus) Areschoug, 1868
Fucus spiralis f. arenicola Hamel, 1939
Fucus spiralis f. borealis Kjellman, 1883
Fucus spiralis f. nanus (Kjellman) Batters, 1902
Fucus spiralis var. nanus (Kjellman) S.M.Baker & Bohling, 1916
Fucus spiralis var. nanus (Stackhouse) Batters, 1902
Fucus spiralis var. typicus Børgesen, 1902
Fucus vesiculosus f. spiralis (Linnaeus) Batters, 1890
Fucus vesiculosus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) C.Agardh, 1810
Fucus vesiculosus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) Roth, 1800
Halidrys spiralis (Linnaeus) Stackhouse, 1809

International References

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]

original description Linnaeus, C. (1753). Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas ad genera relatas cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Stockholm., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.59734 [details]

basis of record Guiry, M.D. (2001). Macroalgae of Rhodophycota, Phaeophycota, Chlorophycota, and two genera of Xanthophycota, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 20-38 [details]

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68: p. [details]

additional source Sears, J.R. (ed.). 1998. NEAS keys to the benthic marine algae of the northeastern coast of North America from Long Island Sound to the Strait of Belle Isle. Northeast Algal Society. 163 p. [details]

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]

additional source Verlaque, M.; Ruitton, S.; Mineur, F.; Boudouresque, C.F. (2007). CIESM Atlas of Exotic Macrophytes in the Mediterranean Sea. Rapp. Comm. int. Mer Médit. 38., available online at http://www.ciesm.org/atlas/appendix4.html#top [details]

additional source Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.87 [details]

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]

additional source Vanderperren, J.-P. (1991). Report Natural History Archive 1990 [Verslag Natuurhistorisch Archief 1990]. De Strandvlo 11(3): 65-75 [details]

additional source South, G. R. and I. Tittley. 1986. A checklist and distributional index of the benthic marine algae of the North Atlantic Ocean. Huntsman Marine Laboratory. St. Andrews, New Brunswick. 76 p. [details]

additional source Thomas, M.L.H. (ed.). 1983. Marine and coastal systems of the Quoddy Region, New Brunswick. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64. 306 p. [details]

additional source Streftaris, N.; Zenetos, A.; Papathanassiou, E. (2005). Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 43: 419-453. [details]

additional source Zenetos, A., M.E. Çinar, M.A. Pancucci-Papadopoulou, J.G. Harmelin, G. Furnari, F. Andaloro, N. Bellou, N. Streftaris & H. Zibrowius. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. Mediterranean Marine Science 6(2):63-118. [details]

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. BioInvasions Records. 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]

additional source Zenetos, A., M.E. Çinar, M.A. Pancucci-Papadopoulou, J.G. Harmelin, G. Furnari, F. Andaloro, N. Bellou, N. Streftaris & H. Zibrowius. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. Mediterranean Marine Science 6(2):63-118. [details]

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]

additional source Zenetos, A., M.E. Çinar, M.A. Pancucci-Papadopoulou, J.G. Harmelin, G. Furnari, F. Andaloro, N. Bellou, N. Streftaris & H. Zibrowius. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. Mediterranean Marine Science 6(2):63-118. [details]

additional source Verlaque, M.; Ruitton, S.; Mineur, F.; Boudouresque, C.-F. (2007). CIESM Atlas of Exotic Macrophytes in the Mediterranean Sea. Rapport de la Commission de l’Exploration de la mer Méditerranée, Monaco. 38., available online at http://www.ciesm.org/atlas/appendix4.html#top [details]

additional source Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.87 [details]

additional source South, G. R.;Tittley, I. (1986). A checklist and distributional index of the benthic marine algae of the North Atlantic Ocean. untsman Marine Laboratory. St. Andrews, New Brunswick. 1-76. [details]

additional source Thomas, M. L. H. (1983). Marine and coastal systems of the Quoddy Region, New Brunswick. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 64:1-306. [details]

Last update: 17 Nov. 2017
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