Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828

AphiaID: 135144

Devonshire cup-coral

Animalia (Kingdom) > Cnidaria (Phylum) > Anthozoa (Class) > Hexacorallia (Subclass) > Scleractinia (Order) > Caryophylliidae (Family)

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OMARE records: 2
OBIS records: 0

Identifying features

  • Stony solitary coral with a calcareous exoskeleton.
  • Up to 2.5 cm in diameter and height with less than 80 slender tapered translucent tentacles and each with a prominent spherical swelling at the terminal end.
  • Calcified cup-shaped corallum has a smooth-edged projecting septa.

Conservation Status

Conservation status and major threats

Synonyms

Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) clavus Scacchi, 1835
Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) clavus var. elongata Duncan, 1873
Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) clavus var. epithecata Duncan, 1873
Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) clavus var. exserta Duncan, 1873
Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) pseudoturbinolia Michelin, 1841
Caryophyllia borealis (Fleming, 1828)
Caryophyllia clavus Scacchi, 1835
Caryophyllia clavus var. africana Duncan, 1873
Caryophyllia clavus var. borealis Duncan, 1873
Caryophyllia clavus var. elongata Duncan, 1873
Caryophyllia clavus var. epithecata Duncan, 1873
Caryophyllia clavus var. exserta Duncan, 1873
Caryophyllia clavus var. smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828
Caryophyllia smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828
Caryophyllia smithii var. castanea Gosse, 1860
Caryophyllia smithii var. clara Gosse, 1860
Caryophyllia smithii var. esmeralda Gosse, 1860
Cyathina turbinata Philippi, 1836
Paracyathus humilis Duncan, 1878
Paracyathus monilis Duncan, 1878
Paracyathus pteropus Gosse, 1860
Paracyathus taxilianus Gosse, 1860
Paracyathus thulensis Gosse, 1860
Turbinolia borealis Fleming, 1828
Turbinolia borealis Fleming, 1828
Turbinolia borealis Fleming, 1828
Paracyathus humilis Duncan, 1878
Paracyathus monilis Duncan, 1878
Paracyathus pteropus Gosse, 1860
Paracyathus taxilianus Gosse, 1860
Paracyathus thulensis Gosse, 1860
Turbinolia borealis Fleming, 1828
Cyathina turbinata Philippi, 1836
Madrepora caryophillia Harvey, 1837
Paracyathus humilis Duncan, 1878
Paracyathus monilis Duncan, 1878
Paracyathus pteropus Gosse, 1860
Paracyathus taxilianus Gosse, 1860
Paracyathus thulensis Gosse, 1860
Turbinolia borealis Fleming, 1828

International References

basis of record Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 109-110 [details]

additional source Costello, M.J.; Emblow, C.; White, R. (Ed.). (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50. Muséum national d’Histoire Naturelle: Paris, France. ISBN 2-85653-538-0. 463 pp. [details]

additional source Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]

original description Stokes, L., Broderip, W.J. (1828). Note: Caryophyllia smithii n. sp. In: de la Beche H.T., 1828 Notes on the habits of a Caryophyllia from Tor Bay, Devon. The Zoological Journal. 3: 481-486, pl. 13. [details]

additional source Cairns, S.D. (2009-2017). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/images/stories/pdfs/Cold-water_Corals_Online_Appendix.pdf [details]

Last update: 08 Oct. 2018
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