Anemonia viridis (Forsskål, 1775)

AphiaID: 100808

snakelocks anemone

Animalia (Kingdom) > Cnidaria (Phylum) > Anthozoa (Class) > Hexacorallia (Subclass) > Actiniaria (Order) > Enthemonae (Suborder) > Actinioidea (Superfamily) > Actiniidae (Family)

Loading data...
OMARE records: 125
OBIS records: 0




Identifying features

  • Base lightly but closely adherent, broader than column.
  • Column smooth, disk wide, tentacles long, fairly stout and flexuous – up to about 200.
  • Up to 70 mm across the base with a 180 mm tentacle span.
  • The column is reddish or greyish brown, the disk brown or greyish with white radial lines, tentacles grey-brown or bright green with purple tips.
  • Pale individuals may occur where there is little or no light (for instance when removed to an aquarium).
  • Tentacles rarely withdrawn but are capable of withdrawing fully into the column.

Conservation Status


Actinia viridis Gmelin
Anemonia sulcata var. viridis Andres, 1881
Priapus viridis Forsskål, 1775

International References

Hiscock, K. 2008. Anemonia viridis Snakelocks anemone. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Available from:

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. [details]

additional source Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World., available online at [details]

basis of record van der Land, J.; den Hartog, J.H. (2001). Actiniaria, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 106-109 [details]

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at [details]

original description Forskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri.[alternative spelling Forsskål is also correct]. , available online at [details]

Last update: 08 Oct. 2018
Generate PDF

The content in this page is available under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC BY 4.0); May be subject to additional conditions, for more details see the Terms and conditions.