Scomber colias Gmelin, 1789

AphiaID: 151174

Atlantic chub mackerel

Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Vertebrata (Subphylum) > Gnathostomata (Superclass) > Pisces (Superclass-2) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Scombroidei (Suborder) > Scombridae (Family)

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OMARE records: 7
OBIS records: 0

Geographic distribution

É encontrada no Atlântico Nordeste e Mar Mediterrâneo.

Habitat

Habita na coluna de água em zonas costeiras até 250 m de profundidade. Forma grandes cardumes que são fortemente migradores, permanecendo junto ao fundo durante o dia e subindo durante a noite para caçar peixes, moluscos e pequenos crustáceos. Reproduz-se de Fevereiro a Abril, momento em que a fêmea desova 100.000 a 400.000 óvulos

Identifying features

  • Corpo fusiforme;
  • Primeira barbatana dorsal com 8 – 10 raios espinhosos;
  • Parte da cabeça situada entre os olhos, translúcida;
  • Espaçamento entre as duas barbatanas dorsais igual ao comprimento da base da primeira dorsal;
  • Coloração azul esverdeado;
  • Parte inferior dos flancos e ventre com numerosas e pequenas manchas escuras.

Conservation Status

Conservation status and major threats

Synonyms

Pneumatophorus colias (Gmelin, 1789)
Pneumatophorus japonicus marplatensis López, 1955
Scomber capensis Cuvier, 1832
Scomber dekayi Storer, 1853
Scomber gigas Fowler, 1935
Scomber gracilis Swainson, 1839
Scomber grex Mitchill, 1814
Scomber macrophthalmus Rafinesque, 1810
Scomber maculatus Couch, 1832
Scomber pneumatophorus Delaroche, 1809
Scomber scomber lacertus Walbaum, 1792
Scomber undulatus Swainson, 1839

Additional information

Tamanho mínimo de captura – 200 mm.

É pescada com cerco, arrasto e redes de emalhar.

International References

Manual Prático de Identificação de Peixes Ósseos da Costa Continental Portuguesa – IPMA (2015)

MARTINS, R.; CARNEIRO, M., 2018. Manual de identificação de peixes ósseos da costa continental portuguesa – Principais Características Diagnosticantes. IPMA, I.P., 204p

WHITEHEAD, P.J.P.; BAUCHOT, M.-L.; HUREU, J.-C.; NIELSEN, J.; TORTONESE, E. (Eds), 1986. FNAM – Fishes of the North – Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris.

basis of record Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]

source of synonymy Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]

original description Gmelin, J.F. (1789). Caroli a Linné … Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species; cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decimo tertia, aucta, reformata. 3 vols. in 9 parts. Lipsiae, 1788-93. v. 1 (pt 3), pp 1033-1516., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.36932 [details]

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]

additional source Collette, B.B., and G. Klein-MacPhee (eds.). 2002. Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine, 3rd edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London. 748 p. [details]

additional source McEachran, J. D. (2009). Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]

original description Gmelin, J.F. (1789). Amphibia – Pisces. In: Gmelin J.F. (Ed.) Caroli a Linnaei Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Ed. 13. Tome 1(3). G.E. Beer, Lipsiae [Leipzig]. pp. 1033-1516. , available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.36932 [details]

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]

additional source McEachran, J. D. (2009). Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]

original description Gmelin, J.F. (1789). Aves Anseres. Tome I. Pars II. In: Gmelin J.F. (Ed.) Caroli a Linnaei Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae. 1(2): 501-1032., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83107#page/4/mode/1up [details]

basis of record Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2018). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]

source of synonymy Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2018). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]

additional source Collette, B. B., ; Klein-MacPhee, G. (2002). Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine. Smithsonian Institution Press. 1-748. [details]

basis of record Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2019). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2019., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]

source of synonymy Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2019). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2019., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2019). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (02/2019)., available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]

additional source McEachran, J. D. (2009). Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]

Last update: 28 Nov. 2017
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