Trachurus trachurus (Linnaeus, 1758)

AphiaID: 126822

Carapau-branco

Biota (Superdominio) > Animalia (Reino) > Chordata (Filo) > Vertebrata (Subfilo) > Gnathostomata (Infrafilo) > Osteichthyes (Parvfilo) > Actinopterygii (Gigaclasse) > Actinopteri (Classe) > Teleostei (Subclasse) > Carangiformes (Ordem) > Carangidae (Familia) > Trachurus (Genero)

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Registos OMARE: 11
Registos OBIS: 0

Descrição

Espécie de corpo alongado, moderadamente comprimido, cinzento com matizes azuis no dorso e prateado no ventre e ancos. A linha lateral apresenta-se muito pronunciada.

Distribuição geográfica

É encontrado no Atlântico Nordeste, Arquipélago da Madeira e Mar Mediterrâneo.

Habitat

Espécie pelágica, oceanódroma, que habita na coluna de água de zonas costeiras desde a superfície até aos  200 m de profundidade. Forma grandes cardumes que efetuam migrações consideráveis.

Ecologia

Alimenta-se de pequenos crustáceos, peixes e moluscos.

Reproduz-se de dezembro a abril, com um pico em fevereiro.

Características identificativas

  • Corpo alongado e ligeiramente comprimido;
  • Duas barbatanas dorsais; uma fiada completa de escudetes ao longo da linha lateral com uma inflexão muito marcada ao nível dos espinhos anais;
  • Linha lateral acessória terminando entre o 19º e 31º raios moles da segunda dorsal;
  • Coloração cinzento esverdeado ou azulado no dorso, flancos e ventre prateados.

Estatuto de Conservação

Sinónimos

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorJaquinzinho (até 15 cm de comprimento)

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChicharro (indivíduos adultos).

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarapau

Caranx trachurus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Scomber trachurus Linnaeus, 1758
Trachurus europaeus Gronow, 1854
Trachurus saurus Rafinesque, 1810
Trachurus vulgaris Fleming, 1828

Informação Adicional

Tamanho mínimo de captura – 150 mm

É pescado com cerco, arrasto e redes de emalhar.

Pesquise mais sobre Trachurus trachurus > World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) ~ Fishbase ~ Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Referências Internacionais

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2003. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org

Manual Prático de Identificação de Peixes Ósseos da Costa Continental Portuguesa – IPMA (2015)

Shaboneyev, I. Y. – 1980 Systematics, Morpho-Ecological Characteristics and Origin of Carangids of the genus Trachurus. J. Ichthyol., 20 (6): 15-25.

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542 [details]

additional source Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp. [details]

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 [details]

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]

context source (HKRMS) Lam C. (1990). Benthic ichthyofauna of Tolo Harbour and the entrance to Tolo Channel, Mirs Bay. In: Proceedings of the Second International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Hong Kong and Southern China (ed. Morton, B.). The Marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern china II.Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. 2: pp 899-905. [details]

context source (RAS) Australian Antarctic Data Centre. , available online at https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/biodiversity/ [details]

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. [details]

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]

context source (HKRMS) Lam C. (1990). Benthic ichthyofauna of Tolo Harbour and the entrance to Tolo Channel, Mirs Bay. In: Proceedings of the Second International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Hong Kong and Southern China (ed. Morton, B.). The Marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern china II.Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. 2: pp 899-905. [details]

context source (BeRMS 2020) Fish trawl survey: ICES North Sea International Bottom Trawl Survey for commercial fish species. ICES Database of trawl surveys (DATRAS). The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Copenhagen. 2010., available online at http://ecosystemdata.ices.dk [details]

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2019). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (02/2019)., available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]

context source (HKRMS) Lam C. (1990). Benthic ichthyofauna of Tolo Harbour and the entrance to Tolo Channel, Mirs Bay. In: Proceedings of the Second International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Hong Kong and Southern China (ed. Morton, B.). The Marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern china II.Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. 2: pp 899-905. [details]

Última atualização: 13 Out. 2019
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