Grampus griseus (G. Cuvier, 1812)

AphiaID: 137098

Código Natura 2000: 2030

Golfinho-de-Risso

Animalia (Reino) > Chordata (Filo) > Vertebrata (Subfilo) > Gnathostomata (Superclasse) > Tetrapoda (Superclasse-2) > Mammalia (Classe) > Theria (Subclasse) > Cetartiodactyla (Ordem) > Cetancodonta (Subordem) > Cetacea (Infraordem) > Odontoceti (Superfamilia) > Delphinidae (Familia)

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Registos OMARE: 1
Registos OBIS: 6372

Descrição

É mais corpulento do que a maioria dos golfinhos;

Tem uma grande cabeça romba, sem bico e apesenta um vinco característico na sua testa, desde o orifício até ao lábio superior;

Apresenta coloração predominantemente cinzenta, que se vai tornando cada vez mais clara com a idade pela presença de cicatrizes brancas a cobrir quase todo o corpo;

As barbatanas peitorais são longas e em forma de foice e a dorsal é alta, ereta e ligeiramente angular;

Não possui dentes no maxilar superior, mas possuem de 2 a 7 pares de dentes pontiagudos na mandíbula;

A sua longevidade é de cerca de 30 anos.

Distribuição geográfica

Apresenta uma ampla distribuição. Encontram-se em águas temperadas, subtropicais e tropicais por todos os oceanos.

No Continente, ocorre ao longo de toda a plataforma continental podendo, ocasionalmente, ser avistado em zonas costeiras de menor profundidade.

Pode ser avistado em toda a área das Zonas Económicas Exclusivas dos Açores e da Madeira, especialmente junto às ilhas e bancos submarinos.

Habitat

Habitat – animal pelágico, com preferência por encostas íngremes, variando de 400 a 1.200 metros de profundidade. É frequentemente visto perto dos limites das plataformas continentais, ou perto de montanhas submarinas e canhões submarinos.

Alimentação – alimenta-se de peixes, crustáceos e cefalópodes, preferencialmente a lula. Alimenta-se preferencialmente durante a noite.

Reprodução – os nascimentos ocorrem durante todo o ano, mas atingem o pico durante o verão (Atlântico Norte) e o inverno (Pacífico Leste).

O período de gestação é de 13 a 14 meses e o período de amamentação é de 12 a 18 meses.

Características identificativas

Os adultos atingem em média os 3m e os 400Kg de peso;

Apresenta coloração predominantemente cinzenta, que se vai tornando cada vez mais clara com a idade;

As barbatanas peitorais são longas e em forma de foice e a dorsal é alta, ereta e ligeiramente angular;

Não apresenta bico proeminente;

A cabeça é arredondada.

Estatuto de Conservação

Sinónimos

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrampo

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMoleiro
Delphinus (Grampus) griseus Gray, 1828
Delphinus aires G. Cuvier, 1812
Delphinus griseus G. Cuvier, 1812
Delphinus griseus Gray, 1828
Delphinus orca Temminck & Schlegel, 1841
Delphinus risso Risso, 1826
Delphinus rissoanus Desmarest, 1822
Delphinus rissoi Gervais, 1859
Globicephalus rissii Hamilton, 1837
Gramphidelphis griseus Kellogg, 1940
Grampidelphis exilis Iredale & Troughton, 1933
Grampidelphis griseus Iredale & Troughton, 1933
Grampidelphis kuzira Iredale & Troughton, 1933
Grampus cuvieri Gray, 1846
Grampus richardsoni Gray, 1850
Grampus rissoanus Murie, 1871
Grampus sakamata Gray, 1846
Grampus sakata Tomilin, 1957
Grampus sowerbianus Fischer, 1881
Grampus stearnsii Dall, 1873
Phocaena griseus F. Cuvier, 1836
Phocaena rissonus F. Cuvier, 1836

Informação Adicional

Pesquise mais sobre Grampus griseus >  IUCN Red List ~ICNF  ~MarLIN ~EUNIS

Referências Internacionais

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 [details]

additional source Feio, R.; Dias, L.; e Machete, M. (2005) Manual do Observador, Programa de Observação para as Pescas dos Açores Accessed July 23, 2018 at http://www.horta.uac.pt/projectos/popa/downloads/manual2005.pdf

additional source Hans, K. 2011. “Grampus griseus” (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed September 04, 2018 at http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Grampus_griseus/

additional source Rowley, S.J. 2005. Grampus griseus Risso’s dolphin. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 05-09-2018]. Available from: https://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/detail/2134

additional source Mead, J. G. and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (2005). Cetacea. Pages 723–743 in Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Speciesof the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]

additional source Rice, D. W. (1998). Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication. 4., available online at http://www.marinemammalscience.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/MarineMammalsOfTheWorld.pdf [details]

additional source Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of Living Whales. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. (246): 1-259., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.246 [details]

additional source Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [details]

additional source Perrin, W.F.; Würsig, B.; Thewissen, J.G.M. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Second edition. Academic Press: London. ISBN 978-0-12-373553-9. xxix, 1316 pp. [details]

additional source IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, available online at http://www.iucnredlist.org [details]

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]

original description Cuvier,[G.]. (1812). Rapport fait à la classe des Sciences mathématiques et physiques, sur divers Cétacés pris sur les côtes de France, pricipalement sur ceux qui sont échoués près de Paimpol, le 7 janvier 1812. Annales du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle [Paris] 19:13—14, pl. 1 (upper figure). [details]

additional source Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. [details]

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]

context source (HKRMS) Jefferson TA. (2005). Monitoring of Indo-Pacific Hampback Dolphin (Sousa chinensis) in Hong Kong waters – Data Analysis. Final report. Submitted to the Agriculture &Fisheries and Conservation Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]

additional source Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp. 723–743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]

additional source Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]

context source (HKRMS) Jefferson TA. (2005). Monitoring of Indo-Pacific Hampback Dolphin (Sousa chinensis) in Hong Kong waters – Data Analysis. Final report. Submitted to the Agriculture &Fisheries and Conservation Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]

additional source Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp. 723–743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]

additional source Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]

context source (HKRMS) Jefferson TA. (2005). Monitoring of Indo-Pacific Hampback Dolphin (Sousa chinensis) in Hong Kong waters – Data Analysis. Final report. Submitted to the Agriculture &Fisheries and Conservation Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]

additional source Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp. 723–743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]

additional source Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]

context source (HKRMS) Jefferson TA. (2005). Monitoring of Indo-Pacific Hampback Dolphin (Sousa chinensis) in Hong Kong waters – Data Analysis. Final report. Submitted to the Agriculture &Fisheries and Conservation Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]

additional source Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp. 723–743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]

additional source Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]

context source (HKRMS) Jefferson TA. (2005). Monitoring of Indo-Pacific Hampback Dolphin (Sousa chinensis) in Hong Kong waters – Data Analysis. Final report. Submitted to the Agriculture &Fisheries and Conservation Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]

additional source Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp. 723–743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]

additional source Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]

context source (HKRMS) Jefferson TA. (2005). Monitoring of Indo-Pacific Hampback Dolphin (Sousa chinensis) in Hong Kong waters – Data Analysis. Final report. Submitted to the Agriculture &Fisheries and Conservation Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]

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