Spisula solida (Linnaeus, 1758)

AphiaID: 140301

solid surf clam

Animalia (Kingdom) > Mollusca (Phylum) > Bivalvia (Class) > Autobranchia (Subclass) > Heteroconchia (Infraclass) > Imparidentia (Super order) > Venerida (Order) > Mactroidea (Superfamily) > Mactridae (Family)

Loading data...

Conservation Status

Conservation status and major threats

Synonyms

Cardium solidum Linnaeus, 1758
Cardium triste Linnaeus, 1758
Cyrena panormitana Bivona, 1839
Mactra castanea Lamarck, 1818
Mactra crassatella Lamarck, 1818
Mactra gallina Spengler, 1802
Mactra ovalis J. Sowerby, 1817
Mactra sachalinensis var. conjunctiva Jeffreys, 1864
Mactra solida (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mactra solida var. conjunctiva Jeffreys, 1864
Mactra striata Nyst, 1845
Mactra truncata Montagu, 1808
Spisula (Spisula) ovalis (J. Sowerby, 1817)
Spisula ovalis (J. Sowerby, 1817)
Trigonella gallina da Costa, 1778
Trigonella zonaria da Costa, 1778

International References

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542 [details]

additional source Howson, C. M.; Picton, B. E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8. vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. [details]

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 180-213. [details]

additional source Ardovini, R.; Cossignani, T. (2004). West African seashells (including Azores, Madeira and Canary Is.) = Conchiglie dell’Africa Occidentale (incluse Azzorre, Madeira e Canarie). English-Italian edition. L’Informatore Piceno: Ancona, Italy. ISBN 88-86070-11-X. 319 pp. [details]

additional source Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. [details]

context source (Schelde) Vanosmael, C. (1977). Studie van het macrobenthos ter hoogte van de monding van de Westerschelde en de Belgische kust. MSc Thesis. Rijksuniversiteit Gent, Faculteit der Wetenschappen: Gent. 70 pp. [details]

additional source Howson, C.M.; Picton, B.E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8. vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. [details]

additional source Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. [details]

context source (BeRMS 2020) Bio-environmental research group; Institute of Agricultural and Fisheries research (ILVO), Belgium; (2015): Epibenthos and demersal fish monitoring data in function of wind energy development in the Belgian part of the North Sea. [details]

Last update: 09 Dec. 2017
Generate PDF

The content in this page is available under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC BY 4.0); May be subject to additional conditions, for more details see the Terms and conditions.