Polymastia penicillus (Montagu, 1814)

AphiaID: 170654


Animalia (Kingdom) > Porifera (Phylum) > Demospongiae (Class) > Heteroscleromorpha (Subclass) > Polymastiida (Order) > Polymastiidae (Family)


Euplectella mammillaris (Mueller, 1806)
Polymastia mammillaris (not Müller)
Spongia imperati Della Chiaje, 1828
Spongia mamifferis Parkinson, 1822
Spongia penicillus Montagu, 1814
Tethya penicilliformis Gray in Gray, 1821

International References

additional source Ackers, R.G.; Moss, D.; Picton, B.E. (1992). Sponges of the British Isles (‘Sponges V’). A Colour Guide and Working Document. Marine Conservation Society. 1-175. [details]

additional source Levinsen, G.M.R. (1887). Kara-Havets Svampe (Porifera). Dijmphna-Togtets zoologisk-botaniske Udbytte. 1: 339-372, pls XXIX-XXXI. [details]

basis of record Morrow, C.; Boury-Esnault, N. (2000). Redescription of the type species of the genus Polymastia Bowerbank, 1864 (Porifera, Demospongiae, Hadromerida). Zoosystema. 22 (2): 327-335. [details]

additional source Vosmaer, G.C.J. (1882). Report on the sponges dredged up in the Arctic Sea by the ‘Willem Barents’ in the years 1878 and 1879. Niederländisches Archiv für Zoologie Supplement. 1(3): 1-58, pls I-IV. [details]

additional source Boury-Esnault, N. (2002). Family Polymastiidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 201-219. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]

additional source Boury-Esnault, N. (1974). Structure et ultrastructure des papilles d’éponges du genre Polymastia Bowerbank. Archives de Zoologie expérimentale & générale. 115(1), 141-165. [details]

additional source Stone, S.M.: Boardley. E.; Gill, M. (1987). Field characteristics of some conspicuous sublittoral sponges from Roaringwater Bay, County Cork, Ireland. In: Jones WC (ed) European contributions to the taxonomy of sponges. Publications of the Sherkin Island Marine Station. 1: 130-140. [details]

additional source Topaloğlu, B.; Evcen, A.; Cinar, M. E. (2016). Sponge fauna in the Sea of Marmara. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 16(1): 51-59., available online at https://doi.org/10.4194/1303-2712-v16_1_06 [details]

additional source Boury-Esnault, N. (1987). The Polymastia species (Demospnges, Hadromerida) of the Atlantic area. In: Vacelet J, Boury-Esnault N (eds) Taxonomy of Porifera from the N.E. Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series G, Ecological Sciences. Springer, Heidelberg,. 13: 29-66. [details]

Last update: 15 May. 2020
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