Orcinus orca (Linnaeus, 1758)

AphiaID: 137102

Código Natura 2000: 2027

killer whale

Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Vertebrata (Subphylum) > Gnathostomata (Superclass) > Tetrapoda (Superclass-2) > Mammalia (Class) > Theria (Subclass) > Cetartiodactyla (Order) > Cetancodonta (Suborder) > Cetacea (Infraorder) > Odontoceti (Superfamily) > Delphinidae (Family)

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Conservation Status

Synonyms

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBaleia-assassina
Delphinus duhameli Lacépède, 1804
Delphinus gladiator Bonnaterre, 1789
Delphinus grampus Blainville, 1817
Delphinus orca Linnaeus, 1758
Delphinus orca ensidoratus Kerr, 1792
Delphinus serra Borowski, 1780
Delphinus victorini Grill, 1858
Grampus orca Iredale & Troughton, 1933
Grampus rectipinna Scheffer, 1942
Grampus vectipinna Branson, 1971
Ophysia pacifica Gray, 1870
Orca africana Gray, 1871
Orca antarctica Fischer, 1876
Orca ater Cope, 1869
Orca ater fusca Dall, 1874
Orca atra Gray, 1871
Orca capensis Gray, 1846
Orca eschrichtii Reinhardt, 1866
Orca glacialis Berzin & Vladimirov, 1982
Orca gladiator Van Beneden & Gervais, 1869-1880
Orca gladiator arcticus Gervais, 1869-1871
Orca gladiator australis Gervais, 1869-1871
Orca gladiator europaeus Gervais, 1869-1871
Orca gladiator tasmaniensis Cabrera, 1961
Orca latirostris Gray, 1870
Orca megellanica Burmeister, 1866
Orca minor Malm, 1871
Orca orca Lahille, 1914
Orca orca megallanicus
Orca pacifica Gray, 1870
Orca rectipinna Cope, 1869
Orca schlegelii Lilljeborg, 1866
Orca stenorhyncha Gray, 1870
Orca tasmanica Gray, 1871
Orcinus glacialis Berzin & Vladimirov, 1982
Orcinus nanus Mikhalev, Ivashin, Savusin & Zelenaya, 1981
Orcinus orca capensis Trouessart, 1904
Orcinus orca eschrichti Trouessart, 1904
Orcinus orca megallanicus Trouessart, 1904
Physeter microps Fabricius, 1780

International References

Burnett, E. 2009. “Orcinus orca” (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed at https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Orcinus_orca/

Species account by IUCN SSC Cetacean Specialist Group; regional assessment by European Mammal Assessment team 2007. Orcinus orca. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2007: e.T15421A4581006.

Feio R.; Dias L.; Machete M.; Gonçalves J.; Serrão Santos R. (2009) Programa de Observação para as Pescas dos Açores. DOP/IMAR, Horta.

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542 [details]

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 [details]

additional source Carwardine, M., E. Hoyt, R. E. Fordyce and P. Gill. 1998. Whales, dolphins and porpoises. Time-Life Books. Nature Company Guides, USA. 288 p. [details]

additional source University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Animal Diversity Web., available online at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html [details]

additional source Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp. 723–743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]

additional source Perrin, W.F.; Würsig, B.; Thewissen, J.G.M. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Second edition. Academic Press: London. ISBN 978-0-12-373553-9. xxix, 1316 pp. [details]

additional source Rice, D. W. (1998). Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication. 4., available online at http://www.marinemammalscience.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/MarineMammalsOfTheWorld.pdf [details]

additional source Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [details]

additional source IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, available online at http://www.iucnredlist.org [details]

additional source Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of Living Whales. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. (246): 1-259., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.246 [details]

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]

additional source Heyning, J. E. and M. E. Dahlheim. (1988). Orcinus orca. Mammalian Species 304:1–9. [details]

additional source Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. [details]

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]

additional source Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp. 723–743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]

additional source Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]

additional source Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp. 723–743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]

additional source Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]

additional source Animal Diversity Web. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. , available online at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html [details]

additional source Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp. 723–743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]

additional source Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. [details]

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]

Last update: 15 Apr. 2018
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