Engraulis encrasicolus (Linnaeus, 1758)

AphiaID: 126426

European anchovy

Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Vertebrata (Subphylum) > Gnathostomata (Superclass) > Pisces (Superclass-2) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Clupeiformes (Order) > Engraulidae (Family)

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Identifying features

  • Corpo esguio, estreito de secção transversal oval;
  • Sem carena ventral de escudetes;
  • Focinho cónico proeminente, pontiagudo ultrapassando a maxila inferior;
  • Boca ínfera;
  • Maxila superior longa, prolongando-se bem atrás do olho;
  • Região dorsal azulada ou esverdeada, flancos e abdómen prateados

Conservation Status

Synonyms

Anchoa guineensis (Rossignol & Blache, 1961)
Anchoviella guineensis Rossignol & Blache, 1961
Clupea encrasicolus Linnaeus, 1758
Engraulis amara Risso, 1827
Engraulis argyrophanus Valenciennes, 1848
Engraulis capensis Gilchrist, 1913
Engraulis encrasicholus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Engraulis encrasicholus ponticus Aleksandrov, 1927
Engraulis encrasicolus ponticus Alexandrov, 1927
Engraulis encrasicolus russoi Dulzetto, 1947
Engraulis encrassicolus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Engraulis engrasicholus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Engraulis engrasicolus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Engraulis guineensis (Rossignol & Blache, 1961)
Engraulis meletta Cuvier, 1829
Engraulis russoi Dulzetto, 1947
Engraulis vulgaris Nilsson, 1832
Engraulus encrasicholus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Stolephorus encrasicolus

Additional information

Tamanho mínimo de captura – 120 mm.

International References

Manual Prático De Identificação de Peixes Ósseos da Costa Continental Portuguesa – IPMA (2015)

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. [details]

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542 [details]

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 [details]

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. [details]

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]

context source (BeRMS 2020) Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek- Belgium. Linking pelagic food web and its top predators: bird and prey fish sampling – Westbanks  – SSD – Belgian Science Policy., available online at http://www.vliz.be/projects/westbanks/westbanks.php?module=dataset&dasid=1261 [details]

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2019). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (02/2019)., available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]

Last update: 27 Nov. 2017
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